Monitoring Actions

D.1 Assessment indicators for socio-economic impact

An economic study will be carried out into the profitability and competitiveness of the farms, derived from the different measures applied or applicable in La Mancha, in connection with the greater environmental sustainability of pseudo-steppe-like farming systems. In the same way, a sociological study will be carried out into the level of acceptance of the Natura 2000 Network and the conservation measures implemented with the project.

D.2 Assessment indicators for connectivity and plant structure

An assessment will be made of the surface area occupied by environmentally-friendly infrastructures throughout the territory in the project and of how they evolve over the duration of the project (hedgerows, boundaries, the conversion of uncultivated land to grazing land, water points, etc.). The structure of natural and semi-natural plant life in these environmentally-friendly infrastructures (conversion to scrub land, loss of botanical diversity, etc.). Finally, the evolution of these semi-natural systems will be assessed to determine their real influence on the populations of birds and insects as one of the determinant biological indicators

D.3 Assessment indicators for farming sustainability

This action is aimed at providing objective indicators in support of the actions undertaken within action C4 (modification of farming practices for the improvement of biodiversity). The information on measures and indicators to be monitored will be published once they have been obtained by the project.

D.4 Assessment indicators for biodiversity

Annual censuses will be taken of the populations of steppe birds with high priority for conservation. In addition, they provide a reliable indicator of the conservation status of traditional pseudo-steppe agrarian spaces. In parallel, monitoring will also be conducted on Alaudidae (larks, calandrellas, calandra larks) and other birds living in steppe habitats, also in decline.

D.5 Geographic information system. GIS

All the indicators developed in actions D and the territorial data available will be stored in a geographic information system that will include the specific location of each landscape element, the project’s actions, the management actions, public and private land use, threats and impacts, habitats and species, and, in general, all relevant territorial information for monitoring the project and for taking decisions.